Research Project: Understanding Gender-Based Violence for Rurally-Located Queer and Gender-Diverse Youth: Youth-Led Research To Improve GBV Services.


Through this 32-month WAGE funded ($396,258) project, TransCare+ will conduct community-based research that will help improve gender-based violence (GBV) services for rurally-located queer and gender diverse (RLQGD) youth. The project will address the limited knowledge available on GBV for RLQGD youth and the need for GBV prevention and support strategies that focus on the unique experiences and context of RLQGD youth. To do so, TransCare+ will engage RLQGD youth, secondary survivors, and GBV services providers in youth-led, community-based research. TransCare+ will achieve this through the establishment of a Youth Advisory Council, hiring youth as Community Outreach and Research Facilitators, and gathering knowledge through a community needs assessment, literature review, an environmental scan, and research tools such as surveys, interviews, focus groups, and creative mapping. TransCare+ will engage in knowledge translation activities to synthesize research findings into accessible graphics, visual fact sheets, and educational social media content for wider distribution. In addition, TransCare+ will deliver youth-led recommendations for practice, use research findings to develop e-learning modules for RLQGD youth/survivors, secondary survivors, and GBV service providers, and host a virtual knowledge-sharing symposium for rurally-located GBV service providers.


The proposed project will engage rurally-located queer and gender diverse (RLQGD) youth, GBV service providers, and secondary survivors in community-based research that will support RLQGD youth survivors, work to prevent GBV, and improve GBV services for RLQGD youth.

Key Activities

  • Environmental and Resource Scan
  • Community Based Research
  • Community Consultations

Key Outputs

  • Report of community needs assessment and comprehensive environmental scan.
  • Formation of a youth advisory council to guide the entirety of the project
  • Qualitative data collection via interviews with RLQGD youth and quantitative data from three online surveys

Approach to Research

Community-based participatory based research (CBPR) is a methodological approach to research where researchers and community members collaborate as equals throughout the research process. CBPR requires researchers to engage informants in collaborative participation at all stages of the research process, including the implementation of strategies to address identified issues and communicate research findings. CBPR is well suited for research targeted at supporting knowledge production related to experiences of oppression and marginalization while also exploring opportunities to construct new solutions and social realities.

Research Aims

The proposed research aims to answer the following questions:

1) What does GBV mean or look like for RLQGD youth?;

2) What are the comprehensive queer- and gender-affirming GBV services desired by RLQGD youth? and;

3) What are the individual, interpersonal, and system-level determinants that prevent RLQGD youth from actualizing their self-identified GBV service needs?

In answering these research questions we aim to meet the following objectives:

1) Document the comprehensive queer- and gender-affirming needs of RLQGD youth;

2) Identify the individual, interpersonal, and system-level determinants that impact RLQGD youth within the GBV-sector;

3) Partner with community organizations and GBV service providers to identify the cross-sectoral service, policy, and funding needed to support RLQGD youth’s self-identified GBV-sector needs; and

4) Contribute to the creation of publicly available, inclusive, and empirically-sound GBV information to promote access to knowledge and improve GBV services for RLQGD youth.


We will use a multi-method approach that combines qualitative and quantitative data streams. The quantitative data stream will consist of three online surveys: GBV survivors, secondary survivors, and GBV service providers. Surveys will consist of quantitative questions combined with opportunities for qualitative, open-ended responses. The information gathered from surveys will be used to inform qualitative method construction. The qualitative data stream will directly engage with RLQGD youth and secondary survivors through interviews, focus groups, and creative mapping. Focus groups will also be used to engage rurally-located service providers who have direct knowledge about how GBV is affecting their communities. We will conduct 100 (i.e., 25 per location) interviews and host a total of 8 focus groups (i.e., 2 per location). Creative mapping will be used during focus groups to produce a visual representation of the core themes and topics discussed. All data collection tools and guides will be developed in collaboration with the youth advisory council.


The proposed community-based research will engage with the Community Research Ethics Office (CREO) and an Indigenous Bioethicist to ensure that the research is being done ethically. The project team will consult with an Indigenous Bioethicist to address the unique ethical issues involved in conducting community-based research with Indigenous communities. From here, the project team will submit a completed ethics application to CREO. CREO will support the proposed research project in completing a formal ethics review, including any necessary ethics amendments or issues that may arise.

Want to know more about the research project or get involved?

Email: hello@transcareplus.org

Author: TransCare+

TransCare+ is a community-based organization run by and for queer and gender diverse folx. We strive to centre holistic, community-focused, and anti-colonial understandings of care and wellness in a way that is accessible to queer and gender diverse folx of various lived experiences. To do so, we work with queer and gender diverse communities to identify, develop, and provide services and resources that meet the care needs of queer and gender diverse folx across so-called Canada. TransCare+ operates as a knowledge hub, educational platform/service provider, and care collective.